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Creating Holes in catia

Creating a hole consists of removing material from a body.In this section, you will find information about the main parameters you need for creating a hole:

This task shows you how to create a countersunk hole while constraining its location.

To create a hole in Part Design, open the Hole1.CATPart document. To create a hole in the Functional Molded Part workbench, sketch a rectangle in the Sketcher workbench then return to the workbench and create a shellable prism.
  1. Click Hole r1 to create a hole in Part Design.
    or click Hole r2 to create a hole in Functional Molded Part.
  2. Select the circular edge and upper face as shown.
    The application can now define one distance constraint to position the hole to be created. The hole will be concentric to the circular edge.

    The Hole Definition dialog box appears and the application previews the hole to be created. The Sketcher grid is displayed to help you create the hole.

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Clicking opens the Sketcher workbench. You can then constrain the point defining the hole position. Once you have quit the Sketcher, the Hole Definition dialog box reappears to let you define the hole feature. For more information about locating holes, see Locating Holes.

Extensions

For the Hole Bottom

Whatever hole you choose, you need to specify the bottom limit you want. There is a variety of limits:

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Blind Up To Next Up To Last
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Up To Plane

Up To Surface

By default, the application previews a blind hole whose diameter is 10mm and depth 10mm. Keep the Blind option.

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  • Contextual creation commands are available on the BOTTOM text:
    • Flat
    • V bottom
  • The Limit field is available if you set the Up To Plane or Up To Surface option.
  • If you wish to use the Up To Plane or Up To Surface option, you can define an offset between the limit plane (or surface) and the bottom of the hole. For more information, see Up to Surface Pad in the Part Design User’s Guide.
  • The Up To next limit is the first face the application detects while extruding the profile, but this face must stops the whole extrusion. If only a portion of extrusion is stopped, the hole passes through the material.
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    Preview

    Result

For the Hole Top

The hole top is trimmed in two ways depending on whether the hole is created in a positive body or not.

  • If you create a hole in a positive body, that is a body containing material, the application always trims the top of the hole using the Up To Next option. In other words, the next face encountered by the hole limits the hole.
    In this example, the hole encounters a fillet placed above the face initially selected. The application redefines the hole’s top onto the fillet.

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  • If you create a hole in a negative body, that is a body containing no material or a body with a negative feature as its first feature, the application always trims the top of the hole using the Up to Plane option and the plane used is the sketch plane.
    If you create a Counterbored type of hole with the Middle anchor point, the counterbored part is trimmed.
  1. Now, define the hole you wish to create. Enter 24mm as the diameter value and 25mm as the depth value.

Hole Bottom

To define the shape of the hole’s bottom, you can choose between three options:

  • Flat: The hole is flat.
    Even if the hole is of the Up To Surface or Up To Plane type, and even if an offset value is set from the target trimming element, the flat shape is never trimmed. The resulting geometry is therefore fully compliant with mechanical specifications.

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  • V-Bottom: The hole is pointed. You just need to define how much it is pointed by specifying an angle value.
    Even if the hole is of the Up To Surface or Up To Plane type, and even if an offset value is set from the target trimming element, the V-bottom shape is never trimmed. The resulting geometry is therefore fully compliant with mechanical specifications.

  • Trimmed: This option can be used if the limit chosen for the hole is of the Up To Next, Up To Last, Up To Plane or Up To Surface type. The plane or surface used as the limit, trims the hole’s bottom.
    In case Up To Surface is chosen, the selected trimming surface must cover the hole cross-section at the hole’s bottom completely, otherwise the feature cannot be created.

Note that hole features created with application releases release pre-R13 inherit the Trimmed option when necessary. In such cases, a warning message is issued by the application.

Example of a Counterbored Hole with a V-bottom Trimmed by a Surface (Section View)

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Example of a Counterbored Hole Trimmed by a Surface (Section View)

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  1. Set the Bottom option to V-Bottom to create a pointed hole and enter 110deg in the Angle field to define the bottom shape.
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Direction

By default, the application creates the hole normal to the sketch face. But you can also define a creation direction not normal to the face by deselecting the Normal to surface option and selecting an edge or a line.

Contextual commands for creating the directions you need are available from the Direction field:

  • Create Line: For more information, see Creating Lines
  • Create Plane: For more information, see Creating Planes
  • X Axis: the X axis of the current coordinate system origin (0,0,0) becomes the direction.
  • Y Axis: the Y axis of the current coordinate system origin (0,0,0) becomes the direction.
  • Z Axis: the Z axis of the current coordinate system origin (0,0,0) becomes the direction.

If you create any of these elements, the application then displays the line or the plane icon in front of the Direction field. Clicking this icon enables you to edit the element.

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  1. Click the Type tab to access the type of hole you wish to create. You are going to create a countersunk hole. If you choose to create that hole type,the countersink diameter must be greater than the hole diameter and the countersink angle must be greater than 0 and less than 180 degrees.

    To create such a hole you need to choose two parameters of the following options:

    • Depth & Angle
    • Depth & Diameter
    • Angle & Diameter

    Set the Angle & Diameter parameters in the Mode field.

    You will notice that the image assists you in defining the desired hole.

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  2. Enter 80deg in the Angle field.
    The preview lets you see the new angle.
  3. Enter 35mm in the Diameter field.
    The preview lets you see the new diameter.
  4. Click OK.
    The hole is created. The specification tree indicates this creation. You will notice that the sketch used to create the hole also appears under the hole’s name. This sketch consists of the point at the center of the hole.

    If working in the Functional Molded Part workbench, Hole.X is added to the specification tree in the FunctionalBody.X node. By default, as a protected feature, holes are in no show mode. To see the red protected area you have just created, set the Show mode.

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Hole Types

Various shapes of standard holes can be created. These holes are :

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Simple Tapered Counterbored
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Countersunk Counterdrilled

When creating a…

  • Tapered hole: By default, the diameter value you specify for a tapered hole (Extension tab) applies to the hole’s bottom. In case you prefer to specify the diameter value for the hole’s upper part, select Top in the Type tab, and then just enter the desired value in the Extension tab.
    Note that for Blind and Up To Holes, computed radius values applying to the hole bottom may lead to twisted geometry or auto crossing on profile. The application then generates a tapered hole with the shape of a simple hole.
  • Counterbored hole: The counterbore diameter must be greater than the hole diameter and the hole depth must be greater than the counterbore depth.
  • Countersunk hole: The countersink diameter must be greater than the hole diameter and the countersink angle must be greater than 0 and less than 180 degrees.
  • Counterdrilled hole: The counterdrill diameter must be greater than the hole diameter, the hole depth must be greater than the counter drill depth and the counterdrill angle must be greater than 0 and less than 180 degrees.

Threads

You can also define a threaded hole by clicking the Thread Definition tab and selecting the Threaded button to access the parameters you need to define.From V5R16 onward, it is possible to thread tapered holes.

Tolerancing Dimensions

You can define a tolerancing dimension for the hole diameter just by clicking the icon r27to the right of the Diameter field. This capability displays the Limit of Size Definition dialog box that enables you to choose one method among four for defining your tolerance:

  • General Tolerance: Sets a pre-defined tolerance class for angular sizes according to the standard selected for the session. By default, the general tolerance class is ISO 2768 - f.

  • Numerical values: Uses the values you enter to define the Upper Limit and optionally, the value of the Lower Limit field if you cleared the Symmetric Lower Limit option.

  • Tabulated values: Uses normative references.

  • Single limit: Enter a minimum or maximum value. The Delta/nominal option lets you enter a value in relation to the nominal diameter value. For example, if the nominal diameter value is 10 and if you enter 1, then the tolerance value will be 11.

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The Options area displays options directly linked to the standard used in the application. To know or change that normative reference, select Tools > Options > Mechanical Design > Functional Tolerancing & Annotations, and in the Tolerancing tab enter the new standard in the Default Standard at creation option.
For more information, see the 3D Tolerancing and Annotations User’s Guide.
After you set a tolerancing dimension, the icon turns red: r27. Toleranced holes are identified by a specific icon in the specification tree.

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Note that this capability is not available for countersunk and tapered holes and that a 3D Functional Tolerancing and Annotation license is required to be able to access this capability.

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  • CATIA V5 slotted hole
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