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Creating Basic Draft Features in catia

Drafts are defined on molded parts to make them easier to remove from molds.There are two ways of determining the objects to draft: either by explicitly selecting the object or by selecting the neutral element, which makes the application detect the appropriate faces to use.
This task shows you how to create a basic draft by selecting the neutral element.
Open the Draft2.CATPart document.
  1. Click Draft Angle v1 .
    v2
    The Draft Definition dialog box is displayed and an arrow appears on a plane, indicating the default pulling direction. The constant angle draft option v1 is activated. If you click the icon to the right v3, you then access the command for creating variable angle drafts.v4
  1. Check Selection by neutral face to determine the selection mode.
  2. Select the upper face as the neutral element. This selection allows the application to detect the face to be drafted.
    The neutral element is now displayed in blue, the neutral curve is in pink. The faces to be drafted are in dark red.

Pulling Direction

The pulling direction is now displayed on top of the part. It is normal to the neutral face.

The Controlled by reference option is now activated, meaning that whenever you will edit the element defining the pulling direction, you will modify the draft accordingly.

v5

Note that when using the other selection mode (explicit selection), the selected objects are displayed in dark pink.

  • Contextual commands creating the pulling directions you need are available from the Selection field:
    • Create Line: For more information, see Creating Lines.
    • Create Plane: see Creating Planes.
    • X Axis: the X axis of the current coordinate system origin (0,0,0) becomes the direction.
    • Y Axis: the Y axis of the current coordinate system origin (0,0,0) becomes the direction.
    • Z Axis: the Z axis of the current coordinate system origin (0,0,0) becomes the direction.

    If you create any of these elements, the application then displays the corresponding icon next to the Selection field. Clicking this icon enables you to edit the element.

  1. The default angle value is 5. Enter 7 degrees as the new angle value.
    The application displays the new angle value in the geometry.
  2. click Preview to see the draft to be created.
    It appears in blue.

    v6

  3. Click More to access additional options.
To know how to use the options Parting Element and Draft Form, see Creating Drafts with Parting Elements.

Limiting Elements

  1. Click the Limiting Elements field. While drafting a face, you can limit it by selecting one or more faces or planes that intersect it completely.
  2. Select Plane.1 as the limiting element.
    The arrow points to the portion of material to be kept to perform the operation.

    v7

Always ensure that limiting elements intersect neutral curves. If not, the application does not trim draft features.
  1. Select Plane.2 as the second limiting element.
    Note that the number of limiting elements you select is indicated in the dialog box, just in front of the Limiting Elements field.
  2. Click the arrow to reverse its direction, and therefore retain the opposite side of the feature.

    v8

When using several limiting elements, make sure that they do not intersect on the face to be drafted.
Contextual commands creating the limiting elements you need are available from the Limiting Elements field:

  • Create Plane: for more information, see Creating Planes
  • XY Plane: the XY plane of the current coordinate system origin (0,0,0) becomes the limiting element.
  • YZ Plane: the YZ plane of the current coordinate system origin (0,0,0) becomes the limiting element.
  • ZX Plane: the ZX plane of the current coordinate system origin (0,0,0) becomes the limiting element.

If you create any of these elements, the application then displays the corresponding icon next to Limiting Elements. Clicking this icon enables you to edit the element.

  1. Click OK to confirm the operation.
    The faces are drafted but the part areas included between both limiting planes have not been modified, as specified through the limiting element option.

    v9

In some cases, you can only select a group of faces generated by the draft and not one particular face of the draft. It happens when you create a pad, add a draft on it and then add another draft that is based on the face of the pad.

Draft Definition Dialog Box

The characteristic elements are:

  • pulling direction: this direction corresponds to the reference from which the draft faces are defined.
  • draft angle : this is the angle that the draft faces make with the pulling direction. This angle value defined applies to all selected faces (several draft angle values cannot be created in one draft feature).
  • parting element : this plane, face or surface cuts the part in two and each portion is drafted according to its previously defined direction. For an example, see Creating Drafts with Parting Elements.
  • neutral element : this element defines a neutral curve on which the drafted face will lie. This element will remain the same during the draft. The neutral element and parting element may be the same element, as shown in Creating Drafts with Parting Elements.
  • Propagation can be set to:
    • None: there is no propagation
    • Smooth: the application integrates the faces propagated in tangency onto the neutral face to define the neutral element.

    For more about the neutral element, see A Few Notes about Drafts.

  • The icon available after the Faces to draft field lets you edit the list of the faces to be drafted. For more information about that capability, refer to Editing a List of Elements.

A Few Notes about Drafts

Editing Drafts

  • If you edit the sketch used for defining the initial pad, the application integrates this modification and computes the draft again. In the following example, a chamfer was added to the profile.
v10
  • You can transform a constant angle draft into a variable angle draft. To do so, double-click your draft, then click the variable angle draft option in the dialog box to access the appropriate options. For more information, refer to Creating Variable Angle Drafts.

Neutral Elements

  • It is possible to select several faces to define the neutral element. By default, the pulling direction is given by the first face you select. This is an example of what you can get:

v11

v12

Draft Definition

Result
  • We recommend you use a neutral element intersecting the faces to be drafted. However, in some cases, you can use neutral elements that do not intersect the faces. This is possible if the neutral element is made of only one face. This is an example of what you can get:

v13

v14

Draft Definition

Result
  • If the neutral element does not belong to the body which faces you want to draft, it then needs to be large enough to fully intersect those faces.

Methodology

  • If you need to draft several faces using a pulling direction normal to the neutral element, keep in mind the following operating mode that will facilitate your design:
    • Click and first select the neutral element of your choice. The pulling direction that appears is then normal to the neutral element. Select the face to be drafted and click OK to create your first draft.
    • Now, to create the other drafts in the same CATPart document, note that by default the application uses the same pulling direction as the one specified for creating your first draft. As designers usually use a unique pulling direction, you do not need to redefine your pulling direction.
  • If you perform a difficult drafting, for example if you obtain twisted faces, use the Deactivate and Extract Geometry commands to solve your difficulties.

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